Monday, April 14, 2014

10 Things I Ate in Portugal

When I was in Vasco de Gama territory, I became a culinary explorer and threw dietary caution to the wind. Like 10 Things I Ate in Morocco, they weren't all healthy or sustainable, but at least they were local. I wanted to leave all my issues behind, but that's like the pope trying to be an atheist when he leaves the Vatican. Not that I'm comparing myself to the pope. Nope. I can out-eat him any day.

1. Grilled Fish
My first meal in Portugal was this grilled dourada in a charming, neighborhood Lisbon restaurant. The fresh, simple ingredients among a backdrop of mellifluous Portuguese chatter made for a truly memorable dining experience and was a portent of Portuguese cuisine to come. Sharing the same coast as Morocco, sardines also reign supreme here, but grilled dourada—aka gilt-head bream—had a starring role on the menus of the day. I felt a little gilt-y not knowing if it was sustainable. But I knew it sustained me. Until dessert.

Top row: grilled sardines and dourada; bottom: grilled dourada and mackerel

Hey, side-dish czar of Portugal: How did you decide that boiled potatoes would be the national accompaniment for grilled fish? Not that I'm complaining. Just questioning fish authority.

2. Portuguese Vegetable Soup

This delicate yet hearty vegetable soup was served with almost every meal I ate except breakfast. But if it had been, I wouldn't have complained. Much like Morocco’s harira soup, this really bowled me over in a simple, soul-satisfying way. While it was slightly different each time, I’m surmising it was some combination of puréed potatoes, carrots, onions, leeks, cabbage and kale.

Top row: vegetable soup; bottom row: vegetable soup

Don’t let those motley colors fool you. Although it was alphabet-free, I swear it was the same effing soup, give or take a few effs. 

3. Bacalhau

Bacalhau is dried, salted cod that’s a mainstay of Portuguese cuisine. It was introduced by sailors around the discovery of the New World before refrigeration, and there's said to be over 1000 recipes for it. Since Portugal is a huge seafaring country, it’s ironic that all of the bacalhau is imported from Norway, Iceland or Newfoundland. Every grocery store has a whole department devoted to this big, gray, dried-out salty specimen (bottom left). A contender for the fugly fish award, I could only bring myself to eat it camouflaged in the cod cakes and cutlets that populated every menu.

Dried codpieces (from Middle English: cod, meaning “scrotum”); cod balls; cod cutlet

It may have taken balls to make bacalhau the national dish, but truth be told, it was very tasty, thanks to something called a deep fryer

4. Baked Octopus

Just when I thought it was all about grilling and frying, a baked octopus went and threw me eight curves in a rustic little restaurant in the city of Porto. This terra cotta cookware was brimming with silky-soft octopus parts, potatoes, turnip greens and carrots in a delicate, locally grown olive oil broth—the key to its sublime flavor and succulence. The waiter had told me the baked octopus was their specialty, and sure enough, he wasn’t pulling my arms.

Octopus always kind of creeped me out until I had it swimming in fresh, fragrant, fruity Portuguese olive oil. Sheesh. To think my whole life could've been different.

5. Cataplana  

No, it’s not a big plate of pussycat. Cat-a-plana is a popular seafood dish from Portugal’s Algarve coast. It’s also the name of the cookware used to prepare it, like a tagine is both the name of the cooking dish and the cooked dish. Traditionally a cataplana is made of copper and shaped like two clamshells hinged at one end and clamped on either side. This heaping platter of 'plana was chock-full of shrimp, clams, mussels, white beans and served over rice. The beans aren't a traditional ingredient, but I guess the chef knew I was a rebel.

It was earthy, oceany, heavenly, and humongous. Afterwards, the ocean called. It was out of crustaceans. 

6. Roasted Chicken 

They love their crispy, succulent chicken in these parts, so as a practitioner of livin' la vida local, I pigged out on Portuguese poultry. Apparently half a chicken is the new single serving, and when I had it in the seaside city of Cascais, I split it with my dining companion. But when I ordered it again in Lisbon, I was flying solo, so I adhered to my conscious culinarian credo: never waste an animal and shared it with my imaginary friend.

The waiter must've seen my imaginary friend since he brought the chicken out on a serving platter with an extra plate. But since my friend turned out to be vegan, I ate his too. Don't judge. I walked it off in search of a Pastéis de Nata.  

7. Pastéis de Nata 
Pastéis de Nata at a Portuguese bakery

Pastéis de Nata are Portuguese custard tarts, customarily sprinkled with powdered sugar and cinnamon, that are in every bakery. They were introduced at the beginning of the 19th century by monks at a monastery in Lisbon’s area of Belém. It's said that convents and monasteries used a lot of egg whites to starch clothes and they used the leftover yolks for cakes and pastries, resulting in Portugal’s many confections. The original custard tarts, called 'Pastéis de Belém' (pastries of Belém), became a business next door to the monastery in 1837 that still exists today. The recipe is still a secret, known only by the master confectioners who handcraft the pastries in Belém.

Pastéis de Belém from the original shop

Pastéis de Belém’s to-go container; the original location; packets of sugar and cinnamon

The original Pastéis de Belém shop was swarming with tourists, but I endured the hungry masses and got a six pack to go. I wolfed a few down that were still warm, but I thought the “mutt” varieties of Pastéis de Nata from other bakeries seemed just as tasty and less greasy at room temperature. Take a virtual tour of the Pastéis de Belém shop.

8. Pastel de Tentúgal

When I was in Coimbra (Portugal’s third largest city after Lisbon and Porto), I saw this curious pastry that came from the nearby town of Tentúgal. The recipe was conceived in a convent in the 16th century and its laborious preparation hasn’t changed in 500 years. Made from a dough similar to filo, the filling is a cooked egg yolk and sugar mixture known as doce de ovos. An eight-pound lump of dough made of flour and water is set in the middle of a white room with a white cotton-covered floor that looks like a germophobe asylum. The dough is stretched to 15 feet, becoming so sheer, you can see the crazy right through it. Watch the fascinating process.

Apparently the church didn't count sugar as one of the deadly sins—unless you binged on a box of Pastel de Tentúgal. Read David Leite's sweet account of this pastry steeped in history and egg yolks. 

9. Ginjinha

Technically, this is something I drank and not ate, but is there a law against counting the cherries? I sampled this traditional cherry liqueur in a celebrated Lisbon hole-in-the-wall ginjinha bar from 1840 that's still owned by the original, fifth-generation family. Invented by a friar in Spain, ginjinha is made from ginja berries (sour Morello cherries), aguardente (Portuguese brandy), sugar, water and cinnamon and is produced in the region of Estremadura just north of Lisbon. It may have tasted like an artisanal NyQuil, but by the time I got to the cherries, the medicine had kicked in and I was feeling no pain.

They ask whether you want your ginjinha with or without the cherries. That's like asking if I want olives in my martini, to which I'd reply, "Hold the martini. I'll have a glass of olives." See the bar in action.

10. Port Wine

A tawny Port apertif served before my baked octopus

Again, technically this is something I drank, but last time I checked, grapes were a food. The city of Porto is famous for its Port wine, produced from grapes from the Douro River valley—the oldest protected wine region in the world. A fortified wine, Port is richer and sweeter with higher alcohol content due to the addition of a neutral grape spirit called aguardente (the same one used in ginjinha) to stop the fermentation. Served as both an apertif and dessert wine, the most common varieties are ruby, tawny and white. I crossed the Douro River to see the caves where the wine is aged and took a tasting tour of Calem that included an authentic fado music performance among the musty oak barrels and old stone arches.

As I drank in the mournful notes of the fado bouncing off those majestic barrels of Port, I knew Porto was my kind of party. 

A traditional boat that once transported Port barrels down the Douro River 

Related Links:

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

'Nip 'n Cheese (Grain-free Turnip Mac 'n Cheese)

I indulged in some cheese with a turnip and I'm feeling a little guilty. I mean it's not like I cheated with my best friend's husband or anything. What am I—a skank? The cheese was organic and pasture-raised. Who knows where her husband's been. Still, it is cheese, and it comes with a large carbon footprint. But then my friend's husband wears a size 12 shoe. So I'm told.

Eating a plant-based diet comes pretty natural to me, but sometimes I just have to succumb to my baser urges. Not by going all paleo cavewoman. I’m talking cheese skank. As a flexitarian, I limit my intake of animal products, so when certain foods are an occasional treat, it doesn’t take much to drive me wild. A simple root vegetable dressed in a skimpy dairy negligee can send me over the moon. Geez, if a little cheese can do that, I wonder what some red meat would do.

Unlike my savory pickled turnips, these 'nips are exceptionally sweet. Though I went easy on the cheese and milk, even without them, the tender, layered turnips would melt in your mouth. I'd simply substitute the dairy and guilt for some virginal olive oil and change the name to something a little more chaste. I’m thinking, “Tender, Gently Laid Turnips.” It's a skankless job, but someone's gotta do it.

'Nip 'n Cheese (Grain-free Turnip Mac 'n Cheese)

2 pounds turnips (about 10 medium), sliced in thin rounds
½ medium minced shallot
1 cup grated organic Monterey Jack or Gruyere cheese (I used Jack)
1 cup low-fat organic milk (1 or 2 percent) or dairy alternative
Salt and pepper, to taste
Pinch of smoked paprika (optional)
1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley
Olive oil to grease the pan

Preheat oven to 375 degrees.

Clean and peel the turnips. Slice thinly into rounds. Grate cheese and mince shallot.

Generously grease a 2-quart gratin or baking dish with olive oil. Layer 1/3 of the turnips, 1/3 of the shallots, a little salt, pepper and smoked paprika (if using) and 1/3 of the milk and cheese. Repeat, making three layers. Top with cheese; sprinkle with paprika and parsley.

Cover with foil and bake for about 30 minutes. Remove the foil and bake for another 20 minutes or until golden and the milk is absorbed. A fork should easily slide in and out of the turnips when done.

Let rest about 15 minutes. Serves 4.

Lentil’s Breakdown

According to the Environmental Working Group’s Meat Eater’s Guide to Climate Change, 1) lamb, 2) beef, 3) cheese and 4) pork generate the most greenhouse gases. That means vegetarians who eat dairy are guilty of contributing to the third-highest emissions, pound for pound! D'oh!

The aforementioned offenders also have the most fat, creating the worst environmental impact because meat and dairy production requires large amounts of pesticides, chemical fertilizer, fuel, feed and water which generate greenhouse gases, toxic manure and other pollutants.

Grass-fed, organic and pasture-raised meat, eggs and dairy are the greenest and healthiest. Though more expensive, when you eat less of them, they're more affordable. 

If you eat meat, look for:
  • Grass fed or pasture raised
  • Lean cuts
  • No antibiotics or hormones
  • Certified organic
  • Certified humane
  • Local
  • Unprocessed, nitrite-free and low sodium
If you eat dairy, buy lower fat and organic such as:
  • Cream cheese
  • Part-skim or fresh mozzarella
  • Gouda
  • Feta
  • Muenster
  • Cottage Cheese
  • Non-fat yogurt 
It's easy to make meatless and cheeseless Mondays a part of your weekly routine. And on at least two other days, why not make meat a side dish. For more info, visit the Meatless Monday official site.

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Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Raw Snap Pea, Kumquat and Almond Salad

Hello. We're Snap Pea and Kumquat. We hooked up in Lentil Breakdown's farmers' market bag. At first it was really crowded and awkward in there. But then it felt exciting and verboten, like star-crossed lovers from different sides of the fence.

Please don't tell the farmer about our tryst. Even though we're from California, that's not how he raised us. He's kind of a square. Must be from staring at fields all day.

So he'd be really shocked to know that a nutty guy named Al joined us for a three-way.

Then Ginger got in on the action and was all over us. She was in the dressing. Or undressing, that is. Man is she hot. 

If you're shy and from a red state and don't want us both in the raw, you can get Snap Pea all steamed up for about two minutes first. It's okay. We have an open relationship.

Raw Snap Pea, Kumquat and Almond Salad

½ pound of snap peas (about 24)
8 small-medium kumquats
A handful of roasted slivered almonds

¼ teaspoon sesame oil
2 TBSP unsweetened rice vinegar*
1 teaspoon honey (or agave)
¼ teaspoon minced fresh ginger
1 teaspoon orange juice

Serves 2

*If you use sweetened rice vinegar, add the honey last as it may not need it. If not sweet enough, add a little at a time to taste.

Serving suggestions:
• Lay over lettuce, shredded cabbage or rice noodles
• Add-ins: tofu, bean sprouts or cilantro
• Garnish with black and white sesame seeds
• Use as filling for spring rolls 

Related Links:
Ginger Slaw
Pickled Turnips

Friday, February 7, 2014

Roasted Squash and Hazelnuts (A Nonrecipe)

Could Squash and Hazel be any clearer? They cannot dwell within the dictates of a syllabic society that obstructs their free will. Death to the pixel oppressors! The only thing they will categorically agree upon is being drizzled with hazelnut oil and given a few cracks of sea salt.

Kabocha, Acorn, Delicata, Butternut, Carnival or Sweet Dumpling? Whatever. Squash is squash (but don’t tell Squash I said that).

Let me reiterate: Roasted squash, roasted hazelnutshazelnut oil and cracked sea salt is not a recipe. It’s a dance on the palate. A sate of the plate. It’s mindful meditation for the mid-section. It’s vegan, paleo, kosher, non-GMO, gluten- and recipe-free. It’s breakfast, lunch or dinner.

Squash and Hazel have made their demands. If you agree to their wishes, enjoy.

Related Links:
Lentil Squash-salad Boats
A Simple Sautéed Squash-Blossom Parable

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Baby Names for Foodies

Expecting a bundle of bok choy joy? Here are six lists of baby names that will put the ‘munch’ in your little munchkin’s moniker. Whether it's baby names for foodies, vegans, paleos, junk-food junkies, drinkers or bakers, there's something from the Lentil Breakdown naming incubator that's sure to fit your high chair.

These baby names for vegans were not tested on animals.

Baby names for paleos were conceived of in a grain-free facility.

These baby names for junk-food junkies are free of all nutrients.

These baby names for drinkers do not include Shirley Temple.

These baby names for bakers contain gluten and dairy.

No child should go hungry or unnamed. Please pin and share these with your friends. Bon appétit teat!

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